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  PDHS 2012-13

PDHS 2012-13 Main Report has been Completed and Printed By the NIPS

Current Studies

Three studies are in progress

 
 
  Pakistan (In millions)

Total Urban Rural
184.35 71.07 113.28
 
 
Glossary
  Fecundity

Growth Rate

Population Momentum

Millennium Development Goals

Singulate Mean Age at Marriage

Population Pyramid

How Population Grows ?

Population Optimum

Maternal Mortality Rate

Zero Population Growth

 
 

Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) 2012-13 

 

The 2012-13 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) is the third in the series of Demographic and Health Surveys conducted so far in Pakistan. The earlier two PDHSs were carried out in the years 1990-91 and 2006-07. 

The 2012-13 PDHS was designed to provide data to monitor the population and health situation in Pakistan, with an explicit goal of providing reliable information about maternal and child health and family planning.

The PDHS specially collected information on fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, awareness and use of family planning methods, breastfeeding practices, childhood mortality, maternal and child health, as well as their nutritional status, awareness and attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS, knowledge about other illnesses like Tuberculosis, Hepatiis-B and C, and doestic violence. USAID/Pakistan provided funds and ICF International Maryland, USA is providing technical support.

The PDHS has successfully completed its:

  • survey operation
  • questionnaire design
  • training and field data collection
  • Disseminated data set in the form of preliminary report in June, 2013
  • Presently working on data analysis and main report writing

Download:  Preliminary Report

a

I.          Recruitment Process

a.             The main Contract No.631561-11S-1711 between NIPS and ICF to undertake the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) project was assigned in March, 2012. The press advertisement for recruitment against the various positions as per provision in the project document was floated in the four leading newspapers on 8-4-2012. The category and province wise detail of applicant received in response to the advertisement is as under:-

 

S. No.

Post

Province

Punjab

Sindh

KPK

Balo-

chistan

AJK

GB

ICT

Not Mentioned

Total

1

Admn/Accounts Officer

26

11

5

1

 

 

10

3

56

2

Assistant Admn

107

39

46

3

6

1

34

2

238

3

Assistant Accounts

109

33

47

4

6

2

33

4

238

4

Office Coordinator/ Research Associate

142

47

62

13

4

1

65

5

339

5

Field Supervisor (m/f)

160

53

47

5

18

3

41

11

338

6

QC Interviewer

76

11

14

1

4

 

17

1

124

7

Field Editors

91

6

11

1

2

 

10

5

126

8

Interviewers (m/f)

166

37

41

9

11

 

26

11

301

9

DEO

49

11

15

1

4

 

15

1

96

10

Driver

36

2

12

1

6

 

13

 

69

Total

962

250

300

38

61

7

264

43

1295

 

b.             The above applications were initially scrutinized in terms of their suitability in-line with the criteria given in the advertisement by a Committee constituted by the competent authority for this purpose. The scrutinized applications were further short-listed by another higher level Committee constituted with the approval of competent authority. The shortlisted candidates were issued call letters for written test and interview which were conducted by four different Selection Committees (one for each province) at various venues through out the country and the recruitment was made with the approval of competent authority against the following posts as per provision in the project:-

 

Sr. No.

Category

Number of Persons

         i.             

Field Supervisor

20

        ii.             

Quality Control Interviewer (Female)

8

      iii.             

Quality Control Interviewer (Male)

4

      iv.             

Field Editor

20

        v.             

Interviewer (Male)

20

      vi.             

Interviewer (Female)

60

     vii.             

Office Editor

4

   viii.             

Date Entry Operator

6

Total

142

 

II.         The Project Implementation Stages

A.      Field Operation

Data Collection Teams

Total teams (P=7; S=4; K=4; B=3; GB=2)                                                       20

Composition of each team:

Supervisor (Male)                                                                                   1

Field Editor (Male) for entering/editing                                              1

Interviewer (Male) for HH and Man questionnaire                             1

Interviewers (Female) for HH & Woman questionnaire                     3

 Quality Control

·         Team supervisor re-interviewed 3-5 HHs in each cluster

·         Engaged full time four QC teams (1 male supervisor & 2 female interviewers)

·         Monitoring by staff of NIPS; each  survey team visited at least 3-4 times

·         Coordinated visits of other experts/donor to monitor/observe the field work

·         Office coordinator provided liaison between field and office especially the Data Processing unit for timely feedback

 Finalization of Questionnaire

·         Questionnaires discussed in:

o        Sub-committee on Research tools

o        Provincial consultative meetings

o        Technical Advisory Committee (organizations and individuals)

·         Questionnaires translated into Urdu and Sindhi languages

·         Ten-days pretest training held in June, 2012

·         One week pre-testing in Charsada, Rawalpindi and Khairpur (Interviewed 77 HHs; 86 women; and 25 men questionnaires)

·         Debriefing and finalization with TAC members in June, 2012

 Challenges

·         Serious Law & order and security problems:

o        Bomb blasts in number of places (in Quetta, Khuzdar, Swabi interchange, Nowshera) especially at Peshawar airport

o        Killing of polio teams (especially in Karachi and KPK)

o        Target killings (esp. in Balochistan) in number of places covered by NIPS field teams caused stoppage of field work

o        Agitation, rallys, strikes, curfew etc

·         Threats to the teams

o        One team was threatened by Naqab-posh (people who had covered their faces) motor-cyclists in district Mastung. Warned team members to leave the area at once otherwise…

o        Received number of threats through mobile phones, SMS or even through letter dropped in their home

·         Ethnic and sectarian issues especially in Gilgit and Diamir districts

·         Hindrance faced by NIPS staff during field monitoring in Balochistan and some parts of GB

·         Extreme weather conditions

·         More than 100-days lost due to law & order situation in Sindh, KPK, Balochistan and GB

·         14 teams finished their work by the end of Jan. 2013. Five teams finished their work in the month of March (teams including Karachi, Kohat, Skardu team working Diamir, two teams from Balochistan), while last team from Balochistan completed the work by April 20, 2013

 Response Strategies

·         Re-grouping of teams

·         Re-orientation of field road map (i.e. moved to the teams into another allocated location when any security issue arose

·         Involvement of Field Officers of provincial PWDs

·         Engagement of Local CBOs, individuals

·         Re-visits of clusters in less visible manner:

o        using small cars, separate for female and male interviewers;

o        one day field work and move to the other and coming back AGAIN to the same un-finished cluster etc)

·         Locally-hired transport, other than centralised arrangement of transport for each team, in order to minimize the visibility   of team

·         Sought help from Local Administration

·         In case of un-pleasant occurrence, immediate halt the work to mitigate the fear of the team members

o        One team in Balochistan refused to be monitored:

o        dropped the team without compromising on the quality of data

o        immediately recruited and organized training sessions and deployed in the field.

o        In the meantime, QC team continued the work allocated for that dropped team

 Measures taken to enhance the quality of Data

·         HH listing and selection of sampled Households were controlled at NIPS

·         After 3-weeks main training, Interviews in one sampled cluster were conducted  by each team in Islamabad/ Rawalpindi

·         Introducing CAFE (Data entry in the field)

·         FCTs (Field Check Tables)

·         Timely production with upto date clusters covered

·         Production of FCTs (Both Team and Interviewer-level)

·         Equipped Field teams with better documentations (all in Urdu) including Field Profile

·         Organized training sessions in the field to enhance the quality of data

·         Increased monitoring visits by Core team members, equipped with latest FCTs and timely feedback from DP center

·         Enhanced the scope of Quality Control Teams:

o        Each team has a QC Male Supervisor and Two Female QC Interviewers

o        Separate vehicle to each QC team for better and fast mobility

o        Main responsibilities included:

o        review the filled-in questionnaires

o        re-visits at least 5% of the HH

o        observe the field work

o        provide guidance/training to FEs/team members;

o        Mandatory field report for each team visited

·         Field teams formulation according to the language spoken in the area of interview

 

Inclusion of CAFE

          NIPS first time used CAFE (Computer Assisted Field Editing) system in the field

          An application developed and fully tested before deploying into the field

          Field Editors were selected after careful screening of the participants who attended the main training

          Additional 7-days specialize training for the FEs. Later, each FE entered one sampled clusters under the supervision of DP staff at NIPS, increased their level of comfort and better understanding of system

          CAFE was deemed efficient in capturing data immediately in the field and immediate feedback to the field teams made possible

          Transfer of data back to the central office on daily-basis, enable the generation of field check tables on regular basis

 

Field Check Tables

          Produced bi-weekly (both for each team and for each Interviewer) to check:

o        HH response rate

o        Mean number of Defacto EMW and EMM

o        Women/men response rate

o        Reporting info on Children ever born and pregnancy termination (miscarriages/abortions)

o        Birth date displacement

o        Proportion of completeness of dates for living, dead and terminations

o        Age at death heaping

o        Availability of Vaccination cards

o        Completeness of Height & weight information (both for children and mothers)

o        Domestic violence (Is privacy obtained)

o        Number of still births, neonatal, child deaths in 2011 and 2012

o        Household Size

 

b.       Data Processing Management

Editing in the Field

          Trained FEs entered the cluster in the field through CAFE

          Addressed the errors/warning prompt by the DE application either by discussing with team members or by sending again to the specific HH

          Updating/uploading the data on daily-basis (for producing FCTs on all Interviewed HHs)

          Mandatory to upload the complete cluster before moving to the next cluster

Accepting

          Compared the number of questionnaires at the time of Field entry with Control file at NIPS

          Eliminate differences, if exist

          Assigned the received questionnaires of a cluster to second keyer for verification of data at NIPS

Verification

          Compared the actual with reference file

          Produced listing

          Manual check the differences and correct accordingly onto the questionnaire

          Eliminate difference till “No difference”

Secondary Editing

          Generate a list of all those warning which were prompted during DE

          Prompted inconsistencies were resolved by tallying with the paper questionnaire entries

          Any other discrepancies within data especially in birth history

          Event table to facilitate the SEs in making a decisions

Periodical Data Processing Report

          Status for each cluster being entered with stages (i.e. Main/verification, verified, secondary editing, final data backup)

          Number of HHs, women and Men questionnaires

          Summary status report

 

 

 

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